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ISSN 2410-7751 (Print)
ISSN 2410-776X (Online)

cover biotech acta general

Biotechnologia Acta Т. 16, No. 4, 2023
P. 59-65, Bibliography 11, Engl.
UDC:: 602

Full text: (PDF, in English)


Ivchenko Yevheniia, Mitina Nataliia

Ukrainian State University of Chemical Technology, Dnipro

Modern enzyme biotechnology is a promising and rapidly developing field that requires the latest research on the conditions of enzyme biosynthesis. Optimizing the composition of the nutrient medium depending on the needs of microorganisms and physicochemical factors directly affect the increase in the efficiency of the biosynthesis of amylolytic enzymes, namely the biosynthetic capacity of the strain Streptomyces recifensis var. lyticus 2P-15. Modulation of the biosynthetic activity of strains producing amylolytic enzymes will allow to significantly increase their economic yield.

Aim. The purpose of this work is to optimize the biosynthetic capacity of the strain Streptomyces recifensis var. lyticus 2P-15 in terms of the synthesis of amylolytic enzymes and the study of the dynamics of the influence of physical and chemical factors on optimization.

Methods. The object of the study is the strain Streptomyces recifensis var. lyticus 2P-15, obtained by three-stage selection of the producer. The simplex method of selecting the composition of the environment was used for the research. The ratio of amylolytic activity to the level of biomass accumulation was taken as the biosynthetic capacity of the strain. A photocolometric method was used to determine amylolytic activity. The level of biomass accumulation was determined by the weight method.

Results. It was established that as a result of optimizing the composition of the simplex nutrient medium by the method of mathematical modeling, the biosynthetic capacity increased by 3.63 compared to the control variant. It was also investigated that the optimal concentration of such a component of the nutrient medium as monosodium glutamate С5Н8NO4Na・H2O is 1.5%, which increases the amylolytic activity by 2.63 and increases the accumulation of biomass. Separately, it should be noted the obtained results of the study of the optimal concentrations of heavy metal ions added to the optimized version of the nutrient medium, which allow further research in this aspect to be continued and the use of Co, Mo, Cd ions in the composition of the nutrient medium. With the obtained results, there is an increase in amylolytic activity in the best response by 3.54. The obtained results have theoretical and practical significance for further research in the biotechnology of enzymes.

Conclusions. The prospect of further research into the optimization of the biosynthesis of actinomycetes by the simplex method of other aspects of its regulation will be to increase the biosynthetic capacity of the studied strain, which will have a positive effect on the economic output of the production of amylolytic enzyme preparations by obtaining microbial synthesis.

Key words: Streptomyces recifensis var. lyticus 2P-15; monosodium glutamate; heavy metal ions; nutrient medium; amylolytic activity; biosynthetic capacity of the strain; optimization of biosynthesis conditions.

© Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2023