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ISSN 2410-7751 (Print)
ISSN 2410-776X (Online)


Biotechnologia Acta  V. 15, No. 5, 2022
P. 24-30. Bibliography. 40, Engl.
UDC  615.014:615.456.3


 D. М. Pylypenko1, G. S. Grigoryeva2, N. F. Konakhovych2, Yu. М. KrasnopolskY.3

1State Biotechnological University, Ukraine, Kharkiv
2State Institution “Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine”, Kharkiv
3National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”, Ukraine

Liposomal drug delivery system is an example of the use of nanodrugs in medical practice. Encapsulation of active pharmaceutical ingredients in liposomal nanoparticles allows increasing their bioavailability and efficacy.
Aim. The article is devoted to the analysis of the lipid composition of liposomal drugs developed in Ukraine, its influence on the choice of technology and control parameters.

Results. The lipid compositions of liposomal drugs developed in Ukraine in recent years were reviewed. The advantages and disadvantages of natural phosphatidylcholine as the main membrane-forming lipid were analyzed. Data on the influence of anionic phospholipids and cholesterol in the liposomal membrane composition on the stability of liposomal nanoparticles and the level of active pharmaceutical ingredient encapsulation were given. The main technological stages of obtaining liposomes with hydrophilic and hydrophobic active pharmaceutical ingredients were considered. The main groups of quality indicators of liposomal dosage forms have been determined.

Conclusions. The lipid composition determines the structure and physicochemical properties of the lipid membrane, the mechanism and level of active pharmaceutical ingredient encapsulation, which significantly influences the pharmacological efficacy of liposomal drug delivery systems.

Key words: nanobiotechnology; drug delivery system; liposomal drug; phospholipids; anionic phospholipids; phosphatidylcholine; cholesterol.

© Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2022