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Home Archive 2021 № 6 RESTORATION OF THE STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL STATE OF ERYTHROCYTES AFTER HYPOTHERMIC STORAGE USING HUMAN CORD BLOOD LOW-MOLECULAR FRACTION AND THE DRUG ACTOVEGIN O. K. Gulevskyy, Yu. S. Akhatova
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ISSN 2410-7751 (Print)
ISSN 2410-776X (Online)

Biotechnologia Acta  Т. 14, No. 6 , 2021
P. 44-52, Bibliography 28, Engl.
UDC: 577.112.7: 612.115
https://doi.org/10.15407/biotech14.06.044

RESTORATION OF THE STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL STATE OF ERYTHROCYTES AFTER HYPOTHERMIC STORAGE USING HUMAN CORD BLOOD LOW-MOLECULAR FRACTION AND THE DRUG ACTOVEGIN

O. K. Gulevskyy, Yu. S. Akhatova

Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv

One of the modern transfusiology tasks is to preserve the properties of erythrocytes after hypothermic storage. Worsening of their functional state due to the storage leads to deterioration of the transfusion medium quality and a number of clinical problems. Plausible protective effects of a human cord blood low-molecular fraction (CBF) and the Actovegin drug were evaluated in the present study in order to use them as components of recovery medium.

Aim. The purpose of our study was to investigate the CBF and the Actovegin drug effect on erythrocytes morphology, energy balance, and oxygen transport function of erythrocytes after their hypothermic storage.

Materials and methods. In the research erythrocyte mass from human donor blood was used, which was stored in hypothermia for 7–21 days. Every 7 days, the CBF or Actovegin (final concentration 0.6 mg/ml) were added to aliquots of erythrocyte mass and incubated for 1 h at 37 °C, followed by further studies. CBF was obtained from human cord blood by ultrafiltration and lyophilization. The erythrocytes morphology was assessed using light microscopy. The content of ATP and 2.3-DPG was determined by the amount of inorganic phosphorus and the photoelectrocalorimetric method. The indicators of erythrocytes oxygen transport function (saturation, oxygen and carbon dioxide tension) were assessed using an analyzer of blood gases and electrolytes IL GEM Premier - 3000. The ratio of hemoglobin forms was studied by photometry.

Results. It was shown that both CBF and the Actovegin drug promoted to restore the morpho-functional characteristics of erythrocytes after 21 days of their storage at 24 °C. This was indicative as an increase in the normocytes number increase and restoration of oxygen tension, saturation, ATP and 2,3-DFG content, and normalization of the hemoglobin forms ratio. It was suggested that the mechanisms of the compared tested substances action were associated with ATP synthesis activation and 2,3-DFG formation.

Conclusions. The use of media with containing CBF or the Actovegin drug enabled to restore effectively the properties of erythrocytes disturbed during their prolonged storage.

Key words: cord blood, Actovegin, erythrocytes, hypothermia, recovery medium.

© Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2021

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Home Archive 2021 № 6 RESTORATION OF THE STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL STATE OF ERYTHROCYTES AFTER HYPOTHERMIC STORAGE USING HUMAN CORD BLOOD LOW-MOLECULAR FRACTION AND THE DRUG ACTOVEGIN O. K. Gulevskyy, Yu. S. Akhatova

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