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Home Archive 2021 № 3 L-ARGININE AND L-GLUTAMIC ACID IMPROVE PRE-PURIFICATION OF PROTEIN C FROM DONOR PLASMA I. I. Patalakh, A. A. Tykhomyrov
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ISSN 2410-7751 (Print)
ISSN 2410-776X (Online)

Biotechnologia Acta V. 14, No 3, 2021
Р. 30-38, Bibliography 24 , English
Universal Decimal Classification: 577.112
https://doi.org/doi.org/10.15407/biotech14.03.030

L-ARGININE AND L-GLUTAMIC ACID INCREASE THE CONTENT OF PROTEIN C IN THE EARLY STAGES OF ISOLATION FROM DONOR PLASMA

I. I. Patalakh, T. F. Drobotko, A. A. Tykhomyrov

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

Current large-scale production of blood-derived pharmacological preparations is aimed at expanding the list of products and deeper extraction of target proteins especially at the pre-purification stage. In particular, this problem becomes critical for the isolation of proteins like protein C (PC), which is present in plasma in trace amounts.

Aim. We aimed to improve the buffer composition to minimize the interaction of PC with other proteins and lipids that are inevitably present in the stock material.

Methods. The content of protein C in plasma and its derivatives was assessed by the amidolytic activity to the chromogenic substrate S2366. A decrease in homologous impurities and plasma enrichment with protein C was provided by selective bulk adsorption on DEAE-cellulose.

Results. Here we describe that an equimolar mixture of two amino acids (L-arginine and L-glutamic acid) essentially increased the content of protein C at the stage of cryo-depleted plasma pre-purification, including initial dilution and subsequent enrichment of plasma with protein C due to selective bulk adsorption on DEAE- cellulose. Additionally, it was revealed that solutions of these amino acids, when combined, inhibit the induced amidolytic activity of protein C and increase its solubility (in contrast to other plasma proteases).

Conclusion. Pre-adding of a mixture of amino acids L-arginine and L-glutamic acid to cryo-depleted plasma significantly optimizes the pre-purification stage of protein C, providing a 5-fold increase in its yield after elution from DEAE-cellulose.

Key words: Protein C, donor plasma, fractionation, L-arginine, L-glutamic acid

© Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2021

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